Industrial Revolution 4.0 with Vietnam
Industrial revolution 4.0 opens up opportunities for all countries in the world. It is important for each country to choose the right direction to take full advantage of that opportunity.
Approaching the industrial revolution 4.0
Some people believe that, in the context of industrialization, Vietnam should focus on implementing the contents of the 2.0 revolution, until creating enough material premises to put the issue of industrial revolution 4.0.
That approach seems realistic, but not scientific, in the context that our country has deeply integrated with the world, has achieved great achievements, economic and social changes of the whole nation, are the desire to rise each step of the process of civilization and modern development. Vietnam is carrying out the revolution 2.0, building the technical and social infrastructure and the revolution 3.0 with the development of information technology, automation, Internet nationwide, and at the same time master implementing the industrial revolution 4.0, to take advantage of new opportunities to link closer and catch up with the development level of the region and the world.
On May 6, 2017, the Prime Minister issued a Directive on “Strengthening capacity to approach the industrial revolution 4.0”, setting out a system of solutions such as development, creating a real breakthrough in infrastructure. , application and human resources for information and communication technology; improve the business environment, develop a digital transformation strategy, intelligent management, choose to develop key products, products that compete strategically in the country, and form a startup ecosystem of innovation ; The financial mechanism promotes scientific research and technological development of enterprises, changes the content and methods of education and vocational training to create human resources capable of receiving new production technology trends. Attract investment in the direction of industrial revolution 4.0 Industrial revolution 4.0 requires changing the approach to the orientation and policy of attracting foreign direct investment (FDI).
While still prioritizing FDI attraction to high technology, environmentally friendly technology, education and training, research and development, community health care, modern services, infrastructure, It is also important to consider the future technology of the industrial revolution 4.0 to create great value added, such as information technology, electronics, Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), reality Virtual (VR), virtual reality interaction (AR), cloud computing, large data analysis (SMA), mechanical engineering, automation, biotechnology.
To achieve the goal of green and sustainable growth, it is not advisable to attract more FDI projects to produce cement, steel, petrochemical; limited by selecting investors and modern technology to implement a number of coal and gas thermal power projects; At the same time, it is encouraged by preferential policies that are attractive enough for solar power projects, wind power, renewable electricity and in the near future, the tidal power that Vietnam is considered to be very rich in potential.
The localities with low development levels need to concentrate on investing in the construction of synchronous and modern technical and social infrastructures in order to shorten the gap with major economic centers of each economic region, and the At the same time, there were high preferential policies for labor-intensive FDI projects such as textiles and footwear; taking advantage of the differences of each locality to attract FDI into the project of exploiting potentials, developing products and services and tourism of localities and economic regions; at the same time, taking advantage of geographical conditions to connect with local FDI enterprises to attract FDI to modern technology and services.
While continuing to attract FDI from small and medium-sized enterprises, it is necessary to pay more attention to investment capital from the world’s leading economic groups in high-tech industries and sectors, building research centers and Great development (R&D) to create new value-added and high-quality products that are competitive in the world market. The fact that Samsung (South Korea) – the world’s leading electronics industry group – has chosen Vietnam as a base for manufacturing mobile phones and tablets, with export turnover reaching US $ 50 billion in 2017, accounting for 25% The total export turnover of Vietnam has proved the attractiveness of our country.
Preferential FDI policies need to be adjusted in line with the socio-economic efficiency of each project; only projects implemented in the right direction with priority of branches and domains attached to the territory shall enjoy preferences; If they fail to meet the conditions, they must fulfill the tax payment obligation according to the provisions of law.
According to the report of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Cornell University and INSTEAD Research Institute published on June 15, 2017, Vietnam ranked 47/127 on global innovation. , up 12 places compared to 2016. In ASEAN, Vietnam stands above Thailand, is assessed to have strengths in knowledge output and technology; complex / diverse market index; complex index / business diversity; creative output indicators and growth index for investment in education … In fact, the rapid shift in information technology, cloud computing, start-up technology enterprises has proved the quality of Vietnamese people. in approaching modern technology, quickly adapting to new, eager to learn and creative.
Many experts believe that, in order to effectively access the industrial revolution 4.0, there should be scientific research to accurately assess the impact on each industry, field, product, as a basis for building a strategic development. overall national development with reasonable, effective and less wasteful resources. It is impossible to continue exhorting to develop massively “spiky jackpots”, but must choose the sectors and segments that really have the potential and strengths to invest with key points.
Mr. Dam Bach Duong, Director of High Technology (Ministry of Science and Technology) proposed, Vietnam should actively approach immediately with concrete actions, with revolutionary changes, such as strengthening the Committee. National information technology application, promoting the pioneering and leading role of information technology enterprises in supporting enterprises in other fields to quickly switch, catch up the wave new technology. Focusing on investment in research and application of new technologies such as IoT, Cloud, AI, Big Data …, with the highest goal is to maintain and develop the competitiveness of enterprises, to help production and business activities. Business is more economical, faster, smarter, higher quality, environmental protection and safer.
The most important is to develop a strategy for developing automation and high technology with superior mechanisms and breakthrough vision as suggested by research works, including: strong cooperation between public science technology and production and business; promote technological innovation in the private enterprise sector; deploying strong and widespread application of new technologies; international cooperation in research and development and technology transfer; prioritize funding for organizations and individuals with outstanding scientific and technological achievements.
The first studies on industrial revolution 4.0 all emphasized the selection of a number of sectors and areas to focus on development resources, creating a premise to gradually expand. For example, for Internet of Things (IoT), while there are no conditions to build a smart city like Korea did, then go from building a smart house to a level of technology of Vietnam. , and create a premise to move towards building a smart city.
The decisive factor in the formation of the industrial revolution development strategy 4.0 is the mechanism of gathering leading experts in each sector and field, including intellectuals of overseas Vietnamese, in order to exchange information to select a number of right people. priority targets in the medium term.
In order to make good use of new opportunities and overcome major challenges in implementing the 4.0 industrial revolution, the Government must change the way of government-oriented management and government action with existing information tools. Great, in order to create a favorable environment for the implementation of new ideas and creativity of people and businesses.
Scientific and training research organizations must fundamentally change the mode of operation to adapt to the requirements of the industrial revolution 4.0, improve research facilities and equipment to meet the highest requirements of public innovation. technology of enterprises, attaching importance to research and application of world technology in Vietnam, linking research and training with enterprises under the mechanism of mutual benefit cooperation, to quickly bring scientific advances into production. and business, encourage the creation of technology incubator systems, venture capital funds, support start-up businesses, small and medium enterprises.